Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease or periodontitis, is one of the most common dental problems that affect adults. Fortunately, it is also highly treatable – especially if caught in the early stages. Pearl White Dentistry’s Fort Lauderdale dentist, Dr. Natalia Benda-Celenski, performs a full oral evaluation to determine the extent of the problem and administers treatment to stop and prevent further periodontal disease.
Gum disease develops over time and through stages. It begins with few symptoms that may or may not progress quickly, depending on how often the affected individual undergoes routine checkups and cleanings. Below are the stages of gum disease, causes and treatment options.
Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease and easiest to treat. Symptoms include red or swollen gums that may also bleed easily. At this stage, you may feel little to no discomfort, which is why many individuals may not even realize they are suffering from periodontal disease or seek treatment. Common causes include poor oral hygiene, genetic predisposition, pregnancy, and even stress.
When gingivitis is not treated, it can escalate into periodontitis. At this advanced stage, plaque and infection has spread below the gum line, leading to further inflammation of the gums as well as tooth and bone decay. Pockets between the gum and teeth are usually larger at this stage, which can lead to further tartar buildup. However, just like with gingivitis, periodontitis may have little to mild symptoms, which is why it is imperative that those suffering from gingivitis or who notice receding gums or frequent bleeding when brushing or flossing seek dental treatment right away.
Over half the adult population has gum disease to some extent. In fact, periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults. Left untreated, the condition takes a significant toll on your gums, teeth, and can even cause serious, life-threatening complications.
Periodontal disease can lead to:
Dr. Natalia provides gum disease treatment to kill infections and help you enjoy full smile health once again. With improved hygiene at home, along with scaling and root planing as needed, we fight periodontitis and decrease the chances of reinfection. When combined with scaling and root planing, antibiotic therapy applied directly to the infection provides additional defense and enhances recovery. Milder forms of gum disease may only require routine cleanings, but more advanced periodontitis may call for at-home antibiotic treatment, medicated mouth washes and – in the most critical cases – surgery to restore gum and bone health or tooth extraction.
The sooner gum disease is treated, the faster your oral health can be restored. At Pearl White Dentistry, our goal is to stop gum disease as early as possible to prevent further complications. For an evaluation, schedule an appointment at our Fort Lauderdale office today at (954) 491-8812 or contact us online.